Exhibits- Archaic Period

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Marble Lamp

Marble Lamp

The brim is decorated with three lion heads in outline. Above the brim are three holes where the wicks came out. It was found in the temple of Artemis in Vravrona.

It dates from 7th century b.C.

Museum of Vravrona, catalogue number 122.

Figurine of a snake

Figurine of a snake

The head of a snake on an upright body made of limestone. Its mouth, with a small beard below the jaw, is wide open, showing its sharp teeth. The details on the body have been represented by engraving and the use of colour. It possibly completed the mythical Nireas, known as the triple-body daemon, which decorated one of the pediments of the archaic temples of the Acropolis in 570 BC. It is catalogue number 41 in the Acropolis museum.

It dates from around 570 b.C.

Acropolis Museum, catalogue number 41

Statue of a Sphinx

Statue of a Sphinx

The statue of an archaic sphinx, which was found in the village of Spata in Attica. The sphinx is a mythical creature, with the body of a lion, the wings of a bird and the head of a woman and was used in the early archaic period at the head of gravestones, where it symbolised the protector of the tomb. The body of the sphinx is shown in profile, while the head turns to the front. It wears a garland on its head, and a necklace around its neck. It was made in an Attican workshop.

It dates from around 570 b.C.

National Archaeological Museum, catalogue number 28

The Discos-bearer from Dipylon

The Discos-bearer from Dipylon

This is a fragment of archaic Attican grave stele, which shows the deceased as an athlete. The profile of the head survives as well as the discos behind him, which he holds in his hand. Found in Dipylon.

It dates from around 560 b.C.

National Archaeological Museum, catalogue number 38

Kouros of Volamandra

Kouros of Volamandra

Archaic kouros tomb statue from Volomandra in Attika. The young man is standing, facing forward, completely naked like a god, with his left leg forward and his right leg slightly to the back. His two hands fall down his sides and rest with closed palms on his thighs. The statue was placed on the tomb of an athlete or warrior who died in around 550 BC.

It dates from around 550 b.C.

National Archaeological Museum, catalogue number 1906

Red-figured amphora

Red-figured amphora

On one side, accompanied by Athena, Hercules descends into Hades to meet Cerberus. On the other side of the vessel, the depictions are in black. Dionysus holds a special cup made for drinking wine. The retinue around him consists of satyrs and furies.

It dates from around 520 - 510 b.C.

Acropolis Museum

Head of a Kore

Head of a Kore

The head of a kore statue. Her head is almost square, her chin is strong and her eyes are small. She wears round earings. She wears a garland on her head like a crown. Below this, the short hair on her forehead is arranged in two levels, with the lower part in waves, and the upper part in spirals with triangular ends. Four long wavy curls fall on either side of her neck, while the rest of her wavy hair falls in curls to the back. The area around the mouth of the coarse island marble has flaked off. The details have been painted onto this copy.

It dates back to the decade of 520 - 510 b.C.

Acropolis Museum, catalogue number 672

Youths in the palaistra

Youths in the palaistra

Marble relief of a kouros statue base found in the cemetery of Kerameikos, Athens, representing a palaistra (wrestling arena). In the centre of the main face two naked adolescents practice boxing. To the right, another draws a dividing line on the ground with a long javelin.

It dates from around 510 b.C.

National Archaeological Museum, catalogue number 3476

Hoplite runner [Grave Stele]

Hoplite runner [Grave Stele]

A column with a relief of an hoplite runner which becomes two spirals at the top. The young man is naked, wearing only a helmet with an unusually large plume. He had adopted the well-known ancient position known as “en gounasi dromos”, in other words he has his legs bent to the right, his body facing the front with both his hands on his chest, and his head turned to the left, resting on his shoulder. His hair escapes from underneath the helmet and crowns his forehead with small curls, a little longer in front of the ears and even longer towards the back.

It dates from around 500 b.C.

National Archaeological Museum , catalogue number 1959

Head of a warrior

Head of a warrior

The head of a warrior from the east pediment of the temple of Afea in Egina. He is wearing a helmet, slightly raised to the back. Two lines of wavy braids frame the face down to the ears. There is a faint smile on his lips. It is the work of a workshop in Egina from around 500 b.C.

It dates from around 500 b.C.

National Archaeological Museum, catalogue number 1933

four-horse chariots and warriors

four-horse chariots and warriors

Relief of a statue base. It shows a procession of four-horse chariots and warriors, found at Kerameikos, Athens.

It dates from around 490 b.C.

National Archaeological Museum, catalogue number 3477

Statue of a Kore

Statue of a Kore

The top part of an archaic kore statue. It shows a young girl wearing a pallium and a slant cloth, with folds at the top gathered on the left shoulder. Her long, wavy hair is parted in the middle and falls in three curls to the front, with the rest gathered at the neck. With the fingers of her left hand, which are now broken, she would have held the edge of her dress, with the right an offering. The kore is dedicated to Efthidikos, according to the inscription which survives on the base attached to the bottom half of her body.

It dates back to 490 b.C.

Acropolis Museum, catalogue number 686

Horse

Horse

The front part of an archaic statue of a riderless horse. The head, with its beautifully shaped eyes, dilated nostrils and half open jaws, is slightly turned to the left. Its mane is arranged in short, wavy curls. One leg is raised slightly to walk forward, while the other stands firmly on the ground.

It dates from around 490 b.C.

Acropolis Museum, catalogue number 697